There are over 4,500 species of fruit flies in the world. The genus Drosophilaincludes a large number of species of fruit flies belonging to the family Drosophilidae. Among these species, D. melanogaster Meigen, D. repletaWollaston, D. funebris (F.), and D. busckii are considered the most common species of fruit flies found inside buildings.
Although these flies are attracted to ripened or fermenting fruits and vegetables, they can breed in drains and wherever moist organic matter gathers. This makes them more than nuisance year round, especially where sanitation is an issue. Therefore, the key to successful fruit fly management program should involve the establishment of partnership between the location's sanitation personnel and the pest management professional (PMP) in charge in this facility.
Proactive approach is better. Start the fruit fly management program early before a big infestation is established in your place.
Long-term management will not be accomplished without these four steps:
The early detection of any pest problems, including fruit flies, will save time and efforts. In areas where fruit flies are common pests, apply a regular inspection to locate all larvae feeding and breeding places. Because fruit fly adults can easily follow air currents, they could have several breeding places inside a structure wherever fermenting, moist and decaying organic materials are available. Anyhow, during the inspection, pay particular attention to the following common fruit fly breeding places:
Although scorpions are thought of as having a deadly sting, cases of death by scorpion in the United States are extremely rare. But the presence of these pests on your property needs to be taken seriously.
Some people are allergic to the venom scorpions carry and may experience:
• Substantial pain
• Numbness in the area of the sting
• Difficulty breathing
• Convulsions (in rare cases)
• General discomfort and uneasiness
Important: If you are stung by a scorpion and there is the slightest indication of any of these unwanted side effects, seek immediate medical care.
Phoenix Scorpions tend to be most active at night especially if the temperature rises above 70 degrees. This is when they are the most dangerous and pose the biggest threat to your health and well being. During the day you’ll find them anywhere is it cool and moist. This includes under rocks and bricks, in wood (particularly fire wood), bricks, logs and in the bark of trees.
Most scorpions have the same basic features and are easily identifiable. Look for their lobster-like bodies, long tails and segmented abdomens. They can be brown, black, gray or green in color.
All Bug Guardian Pest Prevention technicians are fully trained to deal with the safe removal of scorpions. And like with other pests, once these pests are removed from your property, our technicians will inspect the area looking for any situations that are encouraging these pests to return including damaged window screens, loose fitting doors and windows, tree branches and shrubs that provide scorpions access to your roof and ground-level trash cans in cluttered areas (it’s best to place your trash and recycle bins on a platform at least six inches from the ground).
We highly recommend that you do not try to kill or remove scorpions from your property. In fact, it’s best not to disturb them at all. Their removal requires a trained technician with the knowledge of the different species as very specific methods of removal may be needed.
The German cockroach is the most common species of the cockroach. German cockroaches can breed at a rate of up to six generations per year. The German cockroach can fit through an opening as small as 3/8 inch in width.
German cockroaches will feed on almost anything, including soap, glue and toothpaste. German cockroaches are good hitchhikers and often find their way into new structures via grocery bags, cardboard boxes, drink cartons and secondhand appliances.
German cockroaches prefer to live in warm, humid places close to food and moisture sources. They are frequently found in residential and commercial kitchen environments, and bathrooms.
In addition to being a nuisance, the German cockroach has been implicated in outbreaks of illness and allergic reactions in many people. Cockroaches have been reported to spread at least 33 kinds of bacteria, six kinds of parasitic worms and at least seven other kinds of human pathogens. They can pick up germs on the spines of their legs and bodies as they crawl through decaying matter or sewage and then carry these into food or onto food surfaces. Medical studies have shown that German cockroach allergens cause allergic reactions and can exacerbate asthma attacks, especially in children. This makes German cockroach control incredibly vital.
Rodents can be difficult to keep out of your property. Mice can squeeze through spaces as small as a dime and rats can fit through holes the size of a quarter. For proper rodent pest control, seal any cracks and voids. Don't overlook proper drainage at the foundation and always install gutters or diverts which will channel water away from the building. For serious infestations, contact Bug Guardian Pest Prevention at 480-345-2847.
If you do find signs of a rodent infestation in your home, contact Bug Guardian Pest Prevention promptly. They will be able to inspect your home, confirm the species and recommend a course of rodent control treatment.
With ants being the #1 nuisance pest in the United States, ant control is paramount to many homeowners.
There are more than 700 ant species found in the U.S., although only about 25 species commonly infest homes. Ants are social insects that typically live in underground colonies, made up of workers and a queen. Ants will eat practically any kind of food, but are especially attracted to sweets. Ants are easily identifiable due to their three distinct body region: head, thorax and abdomen, as well as antennae. Despite similar construction, ants vary in overall appearance. Small or large ants and brown or black ants are common nicknames for different species.
If you do find signs of an ant infestation in your home or business, Bug Guardian Pest Prevention promptly. We will be able to inspect your home or business, confirm the species of ant, and recommend a course of ant control treatment.
Wasps and bees are beneficial insects, although they are generally considered to be pests because of their ability to sting. Wasps, in particular, can become a problem in autumn when they may disrupt many outdoor activities. People often mistakenly call all stinging insects “bees.” While both social wasps and bees live in colonies ruled by queens and maintained by workers, they look and behave differently. It is important to distinguish between these insects because different methods may be necessary to control them if they become a nuisance.
Wasps have a slender body with a narrow waist, slender, cylindrical legs, and appear smoothed-skinned and shiny. Yellowjackets, baldfaced hornets, and paper wasps are the most common types of wasps encountered by people (figs. 1, 2, 3).
Bees are robust-bodied and very hairy compared with wasps (figs. 4, 5). Their hind legs are flattened for collecting and transporting pollen. Bees are important pollinators. Honey bees are responsible for more than 80% of the pollination required by most fruits, legumes, and vegetable seed plants as well as many ornamentals that are grown in our landscapes. Bumblebees are important pollinators of native prairie plants.
Wasps are predators, feeding insects and other arthropods to their young, which develop in the nest. They are beneficial because they prey on many insects, including caterpillars, flies, crickets, and other pests. During late summer and fall, as queens stop laying eggs and their nests decline, wasps change their food gathering priorities and are more interested in collecting sweets and other carbohydrates. Some wasps may become aggressive scavengers around human food and may be common around outdoor activities where food or drinks are served.
Bees feed only on nectar (carbohydrates) and pollen (protein) from flowers. Honey bees sometimes visit trash cans and soft-drink containers to feed on sugary foods.
Yellowjackets, baldfaced hornets, and paper wasps make nests from a papery pulp comprised of chewed-up wood fibers mixed with saliva. Yellowjacket and baldfaced hornet nests consist of a series of rounded combs stacked in tiers. These combs are covered by an envelope consisting of several layers of pulp. Paper wasps construct only one comb without any protective envelope. These insects are sometimes known as umbrella wasps because of the shape of their nest.
Yellowjackets, baldfaced hornets, and paper wasps nest in quiet, out of the way places. Unfortunately, in urban areas this may conflict with people and their interests.
Yellowjackets commonly build nests below ground in old rodent burrows or other cavities. They can also build nests in trees, shrubs, under eaves, and inside attics or wall voids. Baldfaced hornets commonly build nests in the open in trees as well as under eaves and along the sides of buildings.
Paper wasps build nests under any horizontal surface and are commonly found on limbs, overhangs, eaves of buildings, beams and supports in attics, garages, barns, sheds, and other similar places.
Honey bees make a series of vertical honey combs made of wax. Their colonies are mostly in manufactured hives but they do occasionally nest in cavities in large trees, voids in building walls, or other protected areas.
Bumblebees use old mice burrows, cavities in buildings, and other locations to make their nests. Like honey bees, bumblebees make cells of wax.
Wasps and bumblebees have annual colonies that last for only one year. The colony dies in the fall with only the newly produced queens surviving the winter. The new queens leave their nests during late summer and mate with males. The queens then seek out overwintering sites, such as under loose bark, in rotted logs, under siding or tile, and in other small crevices and spaces, where they become dormant. These queens become active the following spring when temperatures warm. They search for favorable nesting sites to construct new nests. They do not reuse old nests.
Honey bees are perennial insects with colonies that survive more than one year. Honey bees form a cluster when hive temperatures approach 57° F. As the temperature drops, the cluster of bees becomes more compact. Bees inside this mass consume honey and generate heat so that those in the cluster do not freeze. As long as honey is available in the cluster, a strong colony can withstand temperatures down to -30° F. or lower for extended periods.
Wasps and bees sting to defend themselves or their colony. Stinging involves the injection of a protein venom that causes pain and other reactions.
Wasps and bumblebees can sting more than once because they are able to pull out their stinger without injury to themselves. If you are stung by a wasp or bumblebee, the stinger is not left in your skin.
Honey bees have barbs on their stinger which remain hooked in the skin. The stinger, which is connected to the digestive system of the bee, is torn out of the abdomen as the bee attempts to fly away. As a result, the bee soon dies. If you are stung by a honey bee, scratch out the stinger (with its attached venom gland) with your fingernail as soon as possible. Do not try to pull out the stinger between two fingers. Doing so only forces more venom into your skin, causing greater irritation.
Most people have only local reactions to wasp and bee stings, although a few may experience more serious allergic reactions. Local, nonallergic reactions range from burning, itching, redness, and tenderness to massive swelling and itching that may last up to a week. These local reactions can be treated with ice, vinegar, honey, meat tenderizer, or commercial topical ointment to relieve the itching. An allergic reaction may include hives or rash, swelling away from the sting site, headache, minor respiratory symptoms, and stomach upset. These allergic reactions are not life-threatening and can be readily treated with an antihistamine.
Very rarely, a person may suffer a life-threatening, systemic allergic reaction to a bee or wasp sting, which can cause anaphylactic shock (fainting, difficulty breathing, swelling, and blockage in the throat) within minutes of being stung. These systemic symptoms are cause for immediate medical attention. People with known systemic allergic reactions to bee or wasp stings should consult with their physician to obtain an Epi-Pen™ or Ana-Guard Sting Kit™ to carry with them at all times. The venoms of bees and wasps are different, so having a severe reaction to a wasp sting does not mean a person will have the same reaction to a bee sting.